What is Hard Water?
In general, water is hard on the American continent. According to the U.S. Geological Survey called “USGS”, the center of the American continent has very hard water. For the details, please refer to here.
San Antonio’s Water is Very Hard!
San Antonio is located in an area where water is very hard. The average water hardness is 27 Grain per Gallon(GPG), categorized as very hard.
The Cause of Hard Water
The cause of the hard water is minerals consisting of calcium and magnesium. With hard water, more soap is required to wash the body, dishes, and so on. It is very costly and wastes money unconsciously. Also, the calcium and magnesium stick on appliances, so the scale made from the calcium and magnesium damage bathtubs, sink, faucets, pipes, and so on.
How a Water Softener Works
To protect from scales, a water softener is required. The general water filters like active carbons and so on cannot remove such minerals at all.
Water softeners change the hard water to softened by ion exchange processes. Sodium-ion is stored on softener’s materials called resin, and the resins release the sodium ions and adsorb the calcium and magnesium.
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